Do you remember when you were a child, how did you hear, perceive and perceive music differently from the present? When listening to music, people perform a very complex cognitive process: at the same time, the brain has to memorize, sequence musical elements to feel a complete piece of music.
So is the ability to perceive music as innate or through experience and practice? Scientists have studied the process of developing this cognitive ability in humans from birth to adulthood to find the answer.
With experiments using advanced brain measurement technology, scientists have found evidence that even from the womb, we all possess some qualities to comprehend music.
Since being a fetus, human hearing organs have been quite sensitive. Sounds from the mother’s body like breathing, heartbeat, mother tongue, etc. can stimulate the hearing organ of the fetus. By about 28-32 weeks of age, the fetus may have motor reactions to external auditory stimuli.
Exposure to sounds in the womb may also affect a child’s sensitivity and sound preferences. Although the fetus can only hear sounds with low frequency frequencies and sounds are muffled, it can still recognize the tone and rhythm of speech or music and there will be coins. I like the sounds that I am familiar with since I was in my mother’s womb.
An experiment by DeCasper and colleagues showed that babies were more interested in the intonation of stories read aloud in the last three months of pregnancy. In particular, newborn babies have the ability to recognize their mother’s voice. Thus, it can be said that when the baby was born, the baby has certain sensitivity to sound. This is the basic preparation platform for later musical experiences. We will take a look at how young children can identify each of the basic elements that make up music.